National Inventory of Collateral Consequences of Conviction (NICCC)
To help meet the challenge posed by the pervasiveness of indirect federal and state collateral consequences in the justice system, the federal Court Security Improvement Act of 2007 directed the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) to collect the collateral consequences in place in every US jurisdiction. Then, in 2012, the Criminal Justice Section of the American Bar Association (ABA) started developing the National Inventory of Collateral Consequences of Conviction (NICCC). This resource is designed to serve as an online searchable database that can be used by researchers, practitioners, and others involved with the criminal justice system to become aware of all the statutes and regulations responsible for imposing collateral consequences in all 50 states, the federal system, the District of Columbia, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. The NICCC is now a part of the National Reentry Resource Center.
Collateral Consequences Assessment Tool (C-CAT)
Developed by researchers at the University of North Carolina School of Government, C-CAT is a one-of-a-kind searchable database that centralizes all the collateral consequences of a criminal conviction in North Carolina. C-CAT is intended to assist attorneys, other professionals, affected individuals, and policy makers to “more easily assess a challenging area of law as well as help them advise people more accurately and completely about the impact of a conviction.” It effectively fills the existing gap in resources for those who work in and around the criminal justice system.